What is desktop publishing?
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Desktop publishing is the use of the computer and specialized software to create documents for desktop or commercial printing. Desktop publishing refers to the process of using the computer to produce documents such as newsletters, brochures, books, and other publications that were once created manually using a variety of non-computer techniques along with large complex phototypesetting machines. Today desktop publishing software does it all - almost. But before PageMaker and other desktop publishing software there were e-scales, paste-up, and other non-desktop computer ways of putting together a design for printing.

Properly speaking, desktop publishing is the technical assembly of digital files in the proper format for printing. In practical use, much of the "graphic design" process is also accomplished using desktop publishing and graphics software and is sometimes included in the definition of desktop publishing.

When was desktop publishing invented?

It was primarily the introduction of both the Apple LaserWriter, a PostScript desktop printer, and PageMaker for the Mac that kicked off the desktop publishing revolution. Aldus Corporation founder Paul Brainerd, is generally credited for coining the phrase, "desktop publishing." 1985 was a very good year.
  1. 1984 - The Apple Macintosh debuts.
  2. 1984 - Hewlett-Packard introduces the LaserJet, the first desktop laser printer.
  3. 1985 - Adobe introduces PostScript, the industry standard Page Description Language (PDL) for professional typesetting.
  4. 1985 - Aldus develops PageMaker for the Mac, the first "desktop publishing" application.
  5. 1985 - Apple produces the LaserWriter, the first desktop laser printer to contain PostScript.
  6. 1987 - PageMaker for the Windows platform is introduced.
  7. 1990 - Microsoft ships Windows 3.0.

List of desktop publishing software
  • Adobe InDesign
  • Adobe PageMaker, was Aldus Pagemaker
  • Advanced Print Publisher, formerly the 3B2 Publishing System
  • QuarkXPress
  • FrameMaker, now owned by Adobe
  • iCalamus for Mac OS X
  • Impression Publisher – RISC OS
  • Interleaf/QuickSilver
  • MemoryPress – DTP that allows online collaboration
  • Microsoft Publisher
  • Microsoft Word 2008 – This Word release contains a DTP mode
  • OvationPro – RISC OS
  • PagePlus SE (External link: http://www.freeserifsoftware.com/software/PagePlus/)
  • Pages
  • PageStream, formerly known as Publishing Partner
  • Print Explosion, by Nova Development
  • Print Shop, originally produced by Broderbund
  • RagTime
  • Ventura Publisher, now owned by Corel and originally developed by Ventura Software
  • Xclamation
  • UltraXML, XML Dynamic Publishing Solution
  • Print MIS (http://www.printmis.com), Solution provider for the printing industry

Who does desktop publishing?

Freelance and in-house graphic designers, small business owners, secretaries, teachers, students, and individual consumers do desktop publishing. When desktop publishing software first debuted, desktop publishing was almost the exclusive realm of graphic designers. However, with the advent of more desktop publishing software and easier-to-use, consumer-oriented software desktop publishing became accessible to a wider range of people, including non-designers and others without graphic design experience.

Reliability - As desktop publishing became easy to access to everyone global widely, the pictures we see became unreliable.

Demonstration using Scribus (Freeware Desktop Publishing)